報告人：Prof. James Prosser
Prosser教授是享譽國際的環境微生物學家，是氨氧化微生物的國際權威。英國皇家學會院士（FRS, 2016）、英國官佐勳章獲得者（OBE, 2013）、蘇格蘭愛丁堡皇家學會院士（FRSE, 2005）、英國皇家生物學會院士（FRSB, 2012）和美國微生物科學院院士（FAAM, 1994）。美國微生物學會榮譽終身會員（2017）；英國應用微生物學會講座教授（2014）、牛津大學講座教授（2013）、謝菲爾德大學微生物學講座教授（2018）、墨爾本大學講座教授（2018）、美國土壤學會Francis Clark傑出講座教授等。已發表論文200餘篇，包括12篇Nature、Science和PNAS。
1. 如何降低論文拒稿率：Publishing scientific research: How to increase, or decrease your chances of rejection
摘要：Communication is an essential feature of scientific research and one of the most important forms of communication is publication of research findings in scientific journals. The is illustrated by the statement that ‘work never published is work never done’ and publication presents the opportunity to demonstrate the quality and significance of your research to an international audience. Publication, and the journals in which you publish, are also important for improving career prospects, as this is one of the main criteria by which research performance is judged. The most important factors determining whether a research paper is accepted or rejected are the significance and novelty of the research question, the quality of the experimental design, data analysis and interpretation and the novelty of the findings. In addition, there are many ways by which the process of publication can be optimized to increase, or decrease, the probability that a paper will be accepted and to ensure that the publication process runs as smoothly as possible. This presentation will consider the criteria by which research is judged and the factors likely to generate material of publication quality. It will also describe the important aspects of the submission, editorial and reviewing processes and how these can influence editorial decisions. This will include advice on choice of journal, paper structure, how to deal with editors and reviewers and new developments in publishing. There will also be an opportunity to ask questions on any aspect of the publishing process.
2. 50年科學人生與微生物生態學巨變：50 years in Microbial Ecology Research; revolutionary change, but still just beginning
摘要：I have now been involved in scientific research for almost 50 years, most of which has been spent studying the ecology of microorganisms in the soil. When I look back, it is tempting to see this period as a carefully crafted and well-designed ‘career’. However, I have never considered myself as having a career; just a job, or collection of jobs. Most of these have directly involved science but my non-research jobs have also been interesting and valuable experiences. I will attempt to discuss my ‘career’ in the context of my main research interest, soil nitrification. This research area has seen several revolutions, including the discovery of new organisms, new processes and previously unsuspected diversity revealed by molecular techniques. Some of these discoveries have helped address important scientific questions in soil nitrification, but not all and there is much that we need to learn about activity, growth and interactions of microorganisms at the scale at which they ‘see’ each other and their environment. In this respect, I have become increasingly interested in, and concerned about the ways in which research is carried out. My job(s) have involved hard work, but have been enormously enjoyable and fulfilling. They have provided intellectual stimulation; freedom to pursue my own research interests (as long as funding is available); the opportunity to communicate with students and, hopefully, transfer some of my own interest and enthusiasm for microbial ecology; research collaborations with great colleagues; and travel throughout the world, which has enriched my life enormously, intellectually, scientifically and cultural